Flowers (Dry to Medium Soil)

These wildflowers are well suited to Manitoba’s dry and medium moisture prairies and woodlands. Some are more versatile and do well in moist habitats, too.

Dry soils are very well drained and usually composed of nutrient-poor sand, gravel or rock with some loam. Drought-like conditions are common, so vegetation is sparse or patchy and mostly short to mid-height.

Medium soils range from well-drained to somewhat poorly drained and may consist of sandy loam or clay with a thick, dark, nutrient-rich upper layer. Vegetation is dense and ranges from low (ground cover) to tall (>5 feet).

Purple Coneflower

Bold and beautiful, purple coneflower has a high tolerance for dry conditions.

Canadian Lousewort (Wood Betony)

By reducing competition, lousewort creates micro habitats where less-competitive forbs can thrive.

Dwarf Milkweed

Dwarf milkweed plays host to monarch caterpillars and its flowers are visited by a variety of insects.

Cooper’s Milkvetch

Its striking clusters of large inflated pods are a beautiful pale yellow blushed with red.

Cutleaf Anemone

Striking deep pink flowers brighten the June landscape, turning to cute balls of dense fluff by mid-summer.

Stiff Goldenrod

Stiff goldenrod is one of the relatively few prairie plants that seems to attract more attention when it’s not flowering.

Downy Wood Violet

DOWNY WOOD VIOLET (Viola pubescens) My favourite violet! Large-leaved with eye-catching yellow flowers, it makes a great ground cover for rich, dry to medium woods. Best for areas with low competition. Grows with sun-loving sedge, […]

Canada Mayflower

Familiarity breeds comfort with this common plant of forest floors.

Western Silvery Aster

The magenta-coloured flowers are the most beautiful of all the asters.

Many-flowered Aster

The flowers provide a late-season nectar source for a wide range of insects.

Giant Hyssop

Plants have a sweet black licorice scent and flavour and make wonderful tea and medicine.

Spreading Dogbane

The long, reddish brown stem fibers make strong cordage.

Evening Primrose

EVENING PRIMROSE (Oenothera biennis) Plants are biennial, producing a basal rosette of finely fuzzy leaves the first year and a tall, leafy stem and flower spike the second year. Large yellow flowers with heart-shaped petals […]

Shrubby Cinquefoil

Prairie birds, such as the clay-colored sparrow, often conceal their nests in the dense branches and foliage.

Smooth Aster

Smooth aster brings welcomed colour and an important source of pollen/nectar to the late summer/fall landscape.

Purple Prairie Clover

Bright pink flowers with protruding yellow anthers are densely packed in unique cylindrical flower heads that begin flowering from the bottom up.

White Prairie Clover

Some species of cellophane bee are specific to white prairie clover and, in turn, are parasitized by cuckoo bees.


Often called bellflower, harebell often goes unnoticed until the nodding blue, bell-shaped flowers appear.

White Upland Goldenrod

My favourite aster! White flowers with creamy centers are arranged in flat-topped clusters.

Canada Hawkweed

I like this plant because of its unique leaves, which have widely-spaced teeth or tooth-like projections along the edges and get characteristically smaller towards the top of the stem.

Black-Eyed Susan

Black-eyed susans are the primary nectar food plant for the endangered Powesheik skipperling.

Wild Bergamot

Excellent for flavouring all kinds of foods and highly medicinal, too.


Feathery leaves and a wonderful menthol-like scent make this plant very attractive.

Tall Cinquefoil

Unique cream-coloured flowers appear in tight, but few-flowered, terminal clusters.

Heliopsis, Ox-Eye

Very similar to our true native sunflowers with three main differences.

Pink-Flowered Onion

Pink-flowered onion usualy goes unnoticed until it’s flowering because the narrow, tubular leaves blend in with surrounding grasses.

Missouri Goldenrod

A typically low-stature goldenrod of dry prairies and gravel ridges.

Shrubby Evening Primrose

A beautiful addition to dry prairie sites! Plants are short and woody with sparse yellow, four-petaled flowers.

Long-Headed Coneflower

Yellow reflexed petals subtend a long, brown, central cone at the end of long, leafless stalks.

Beautiful Sunflower

Like the other wild sunflowers, the flowers smell just like chocolate!

Blanket Flower, Gaillardia

These simple flowers are definitely head-turners, attracting the attention of both people and a range of bees.

Pasture Sage

This is my favorite Manitoba sage. The soft, feathery, dusty green leaves are very unique and attractive.

Prairie Sage

Prairie sage is more discrete, though, with its spikes of small, inconspicuous, yellow flowers that are wind-pollinated.